Less-Than-Truckload and Full-Truckload – What’s the Difference?

GlobalTranz pic
Image: GlobalTranz.com

Based in Phoenix, Arizona, leading firm GlobalTranz is the 12th largest freight broker in the United States. Among its many technology-driven services, GlobalTranz offers less-than-truckload (LTL) and full truckload (TL) freight services. But what exactly is the difference between those two options?

Less-than-truckload: LTL shipping combines freight from a number of different companies into a single shipment; this means multiple shippers share both the space and the cost of a shipment. LTL shipments typically weigh less than 15,000 pounds, often involve several stops at various carrier terminals, and do not usually require fragile or special handling. LTL can be a very cost-effective and efficient option for shippers who do not have enough freight for a full truckload to make sense.

Full truckload: A TL shipment is often chosen by shippers based on weight alone — any shipment more than 15,000 pounds usually qualifies as a full truckload — but other factors may make TL shipping the better choice. TL shipments can provide faster delivery for urgent or time-sensitive shipments, as they typically use the same truck for pickup and delivery. Less loading and unloading during the shipping process means that TL can also be a good option for fragile shipments.

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